Information-based ideation (IBI) is a theory and paradigm for investigating tasks and activities in which people develop new ideas; digital content serves as support and stimulus.
People curate—gather, assemble, annotate, reflect on, and exhibit—content to perform IBI activities.
Each stage of curation involves creativity.
Information-based ideation involves conceptualization and synthesis, beyond information seeking, sensemaking, and finding facts.
Curation platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and IdeaMÂCHÉ,
function as creativity support environments for information-based ideation.
We investigate Pinterest, discovering how people find, assemble, and generate ideas while performing everyday activities to address both practical and emotional needs.
We design IdeaMÂCHÉ to support a range of everyday personal, academic, and professional creative activities.
How to evaluate creativity support environments is a hard problem.
Information-based ideation derives formal methods for quantifying creativity in the context of an IBI task or activity.
We build on prior creative cognition research in engineering design to derive a battery of ideation metrics of curation.
These are used to measure aspects of creativity in curation products (e.g. Pinterest board and information composition).
In laboratory and crowdsourced studies, we use these metrics to compare the effectiveness of different creativity support environments.
- Elemental metrics, which can be computed, assess and aggregate the creativity of individual curate elements.
These include Fluency (number of ideas),
Flexibility / Variety (diversity of ideas), and novelty (the rareness of ideas).
- Holistic metrics (presently assessed by a panel of raters), evaluate the creativity of an entire curation, addressing how elements are assembled.
These include Emergence (new ideas through combinations of prior ones),
Visual Presentation, and Exposition (Written Presentation).
Jain, A., Lupfer, N., Qu, Y., Linder, R., Kerne, A., Smith, S. M.,
Evaluating TweetBubble with Ideation Metrics of Exploratory Browsing,
Proc. ACM Creativity and Cognition 2015
Best Paper Nomination.
Kerne, A., Webb, A.M., Smith, S.M., Linder, R., Lupfer, N., Qu, Y., Moeller, J., Damaraju, S.,
Using Metrics of Curation to Evaluate Information-based Ideation
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (ToCHI)
21(3), June 2014, 48 pages.
Webb, A.M., Kerne, A., Linder, R., Lupfer, N., Qu, Y., Keith, K., Carrasco, M.,
Multi-Scale Information Composition: a New Medium for Freeform Art Curation in the Cloud
CHI 2014 Workshop: Curating the Digital: Spaces for Art and Interaction
, Toronto, Canada.
Webb, A.M., Linder, R., Kerne, A., Lupfer, N., Qu, Y., Poffenberger, B., and Revia, C.,
Promoting Reflection and Interpretation in Education: Curating Rich Bookmarks as Information Composition
Proc. Creativity and Cognition 2013
, 53-62 [32%].
Kerne, A., Latulipe, C., Drucker, S.M., Candy, L., Höök, K., Webb, A.M., and Carroll, E.
Evaluation methods for creativity support environments
Proc CHI 2013 Extended Abstracts
Kerne, A., Koh, E., Smith, S. M., Webb, A., Dworaczyk, B.,
combinFormation: Mixed-Initiative Composition of Image and Text Surrogates Promotes Information Discovery
ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS)
, 27(1), Dec. 2008, 5:1-45.
Kerne, A., Smith, S.M., Koh, E., Choi, H., Graeber, R.,
An Experimental Method for Measuring the Emergence of New Ideas in Information Discovery
International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction (IJHCI)
24 (5) July 2008, 460-477.
Kerne, A., Koh, E., Smith, S.M., Choi, H., Graeber, R., Webb., A.,
Promoting Emergence in Information Discovery by Representing Collections with Composition
Proc ACM Creativity and Cognition 2007
, 117-126 [23%].
Koh, E., Kerne, A., Webb, A., Damaraju, S., Sturdivant, D.,
Generating Views of the Buzz: Browsing Popular Media and Authoring using Mixed-Initiative Composition
Proc ACM Multimedia 2007
, 228-237 [19%].
Kerne, A., Koh, E., Dworaczyk, B., Mistrot, J.M., Choi, H.,
Smith, S., Graeber, R., Caruso, D., Webb, A., Hill, R., Albea, J.,
Mixed-Initiative System for Representing Collections as Compositions of
Image and Text Surrogates
Proc Joint ACM/IEEE Conf. on Digital Libraries (JCDL) 2006
, 11-20 [23%].
Kerne, A., Koh, E., Choi, H., Dworaczyk, B., Smith, S.M., Hill, R., Albea, J.,
Creative Learning Experience with Compositions of Image and Text Surrogates
, Proc Ed Media 2006
Kerne, A., Smith, S.M., Choi, H., Graeber, R., Caruso, D.,
Navigational Surrogate Formats with Divergent Browsing Tasks
, Proc CHI 2005 Extended
Shah, J.J., Smith, S.M., Vargas-Hernandez, N., Gerkins, D.R.,
Wulan, M. (2003)
Studies of Design Ideation: Alignment of Design Experiments with Lab Experiments
Proc DETC 2003: ASME 2003 International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology
Ward, T.B., Smith, S.M., Finke, R.A. (1999)
Handbook of creativity
, Sternberg, R.J., ed, Cambridge, U.K. : Cambridge University Press.
Smith, S.M., Ward, T.B., Finke, R.A. (1995)
Principles, Paradoxes, and Prospects for the Future of Creative Cognition
Smith, S.M., Ward, T.B., Finke, R.A., The Creative Cognition Approach
, Cambridge: MIT Press, 327-335.
Into and Out of Mental Ruts: A theory of Fixation, Incubation, and Insight
in Sternberg, R.J., Davidson, J., The Nature of Insight
, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 121-149.