hypermedia [basis]

George Landow, Hypertext 3.0, JHU Press, 2006, 1-6, 9-26, 49-52.
Ted Nelson, Literary Machines, 14-17.
Early in the 1960's, Ted Nelson coined the term hypertext, to mean forms of non-linear writing. Hypertext is characterized as a directed graph structure of nodes and links. From the start of its conception, writers and computer scientists have been involved.


Jorge Luis Borges, The Garden of Forking Paths, Labyrinths: selected stories & other writings, 1941.
How can this short story from a prior era serve as a metaphor for hypertext structure?!
Mike Figgis, Timecode, 2000.
cast: Saffron Burrows, Salma Hayek, Jeanne Tripplehorn, Stellan Starsgård.
Four digital video cameras at four different locations synchronized together to tell a story.

found objects

Lucy Lippard and Marcel Duchamp, in Dadas On Art, Prentice Hall, 1972, excerpt 139-143.
Marcel Duchamp's Fountain was perhaps the most important art work of the 20th century. How did this anti-masterpiece demonstrate the power of context, when an object is referenced?
Robert Rauschenberg, Retroactive I, 1964, Oil and silkscreen ink on canvas, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut,
Robert Rauschenberg, Bazaar, 1984, Etching and lithograph on paper, Tate Gallery, London,
Paul D. Miller aka DJ Spooky, Mixing, Mashup, Remix Culture 2008 1/8, European Graduate School Video Lectures, 2008.

hypertext art

Stephanie Strickland, The Ballad of Sand and Harry Soot, Boston Review, 1999.
Shelley and Pamela Jackson, The Doll Games.
Nick Montfort and Stephanie Strickland, Sea and Spar Between, Dear Navigator, Winter 2010.
Kenneth Goldsmith, Soliloquoy, NY: Granary Books, 2001.
Brian Kim Stefans, The dreamlife of letters, arras. net, 2000.
John Cayley, Suflosi.


Tom Gruber, What is an Ontology?, 1993.
An information science approach.
Natalya F. Noy and Deborah L. McGuinness, Ontology Development 101: A Guide to Creating Your First Ontology, Knowledge Systems Laboratory, Stanford University, 2001.
Robert J Glushko, The discipline of organizing, MA: MIT Press, 2013, 148-166, 189-203, 293-303.


David Turnbull, Maps are Territories - Science is an Atlas, vi, 1-3, 12-15, 18-27, 34-35, 50-51.